Water supply and sewage



Haweswater (R.Baker)

Cumbria sites listed in the MMP Step Three report for water and sewage industries:

Site Grid ref Grade Notes
Thirlmere Reservoir 1890-94 NY 3094 1895 ++ England’s first masonry dam
Thirlmere Aqueduct 1890-94 NY 321 149 ++ Part of Manchester Corporation’s 1890s impounding scheme. It remains in use with numerous bridges of technological and architectural interest
Thirlmere Aqueduct – Thickholme Bridge NY 410 016 +/++ Aqueduct bridge, important architecturally
Thirlmere Aqueduct – pipe bridge on the R.Mint SD 528 948 + Aqueduct bridge, important architecturally
Penrith Leat 1400-19 NY 491 329 R/+ Documented medieval leat that supplied township of Penrith. SMR identifies it with Thacka Beck to NW of town. This beck is a V shaped channel that can be traced from an intake on R.Petteril to NW of Penrith
Haweswater Reservoir and Aqueduct 1929-41 NY 5029 1576 ++ First British mass concrete buttress dam. Substantial survival of associated navvy camp
Roman Aqueduct NY 6065 0600 + Substantial fragment of Roman leat that served Low Borrowbridge fort. Survives as well-defined earthworks

The grading system:

++ Sites of clear national importance, for which statutory protection will normally be appropriate

+   Sites of national importance, but of less priority for resource allocation

R  Sites of regional rather than national importance

Thirlmere mines (and the drowning of the valley) : Ian Tyler, Blue Rock Publications, 1999

The Thirlmere and Haweswater aqueducts feature in the Hidden Manchester website.
The effect of the construction of the Thirlmere aqueduct on the local community is described in the North Craven Heritage website.

(Page created 19/04/05. Last updated 26/09/18)