Industrial History of Cumbria

Welcome to this guide to industrial activity in Cumbria during the centuries up to the present day.

Many of these industries continue in the 21st Century, but this guide concentrates on explaining what went before, mostly through the evidence of remains that exist today.

Each entry in the A-Z list of industries links to an article on that subject. Each of these articles is followed by suggestions for site visits, further reading, links to relevant websites and specific examples of that industry in action.

Click here to see the list of contents. Some of the articles have been written especially for this website, others have previously appeared in print elsewhere, particularly in the publications of the Cumbria Industrial History Society, the Cumbria Amenity Trust Mining History Society, and the Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society. Follow the links to find out more about them.

What's new? For the latest updates see:

If you have any comments to make on the content of the guide so far, and contributions or ideas for its development please e-mail

General enquiries about the industrial history of Cumbria, or specific requests for information, should be directed to

These pages are best viewed at a screen resolution of 1024x768 pixels.